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Γιατί το datatype datetime στον SQL Server έχει για βάση την 1/1/1753

Antonios Chatzipavlis
Wednesday 19 August 2009

Αρκετές φορές μέσα από τα μαθήματα που κάνω για τον SQL Server όταν αναφέρω ότι το datetime έχει σαν βάση την 1/1/1753 οι μαθητές μου με ρωτάνε το λόγο.

Ο λόγος είναι ο εξής όπως τον εξηγεί όμορφα ο Tibor Karaszi

There are historical reasons for this limitation. In what we sometimes refer to as the "Western world," there have been two calendars in modern times: the Julian and Gregorian calendars. These calendars were a number of days apart (depending on which century you looked at), so when a culture that used the Julian calendar moved to the Gregorian calendar, it removed from 10 to 13 days. Great Britain made this shift in 1752. (So, in that year, September 2, 1752 was followed by September 14, 1752.)

An educated guess as to why Sybase SQL Server—the predecessor of Microsoft SQL Server—selected 1753 as the earliest date is that if you were to store a date earlier than 1753, you would also have to know which country was using which calendar and also handle this 10- to 13-day jump. So Sybase decided to not allow dates earlier than 1753. Note, too, that other countries made the shift later than 1752. Turkey, for instance, did it in 1927.

Being Swedish, I find it amusing that Sweden had the weirdest implementation. Sweden originally planned to skip every February 29, leap day, over a period of 40 years (from 1700 to 1740) so that Sweden would be in sync with the Gregorian calendar after 1740 (but meanwhile not in sync with anyone else). However, in 1704 and 1708 the leap day wasn't skipped for some reason, so in 1712 (which was a leap year), Sweden inserted yet one more extra day (imagine being born in Feb 30!) and then made the shift over a day, in 1753, in a similar manner to everyone else.

By Tibor Karaszi, SQL Server MVP

Antonios Chatzipavlis

Antonios Chatzipavlis

Antonios is a Data Solutions Consultant and Trainer. He has been working in IT since 1988. In his career, he has worked as senior developer, IT Manager, Solutions Architect and IT Consultant. Since 1995 he has been devoted on new technologies and software development tools, mainly by Microsoft, either by training company staff and colleagues or assisting them in design, development and implementation as a consultant or chief developer. He has focused in Databases and Data Science since 1995. He specialized in Microsoft SQL Server since version 6.0 in areas like SQL Server Internals, Database Design and Development, Business Intelligence and in 2010 he has started working with Azure Data Platform, NoSQL databases, Big Data Technologies and Machine Learning. He is an active member of many IT communities in Greece, answering colleagues' questions and writing articles in his web site. He is the owner of SQLschool.gr which is a community portal with a lot of information about Microsoft SQL Server. He has been a Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) since 2000. Microsoft honored him as MVP on Data Platform due to his activities in SQL Server since 2010. He holds a large number of Microsoft Certifications and Microsoft SQL Server Certifications since version 6.5.


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