ΚΑΛΗ ΧΡΟΝΙΑ ΜΕ ΥΓΕΙΑ ΣΕ ΟΛΕΣ ΚΑΙ ΟΛΟΥΣ.
Για ακόμα μια χρονιά και εγώ όπως και αρκετοί ακόμα έλαβα το email που με ενημέρωνε ότι συνεχίζω να είμαι MVP στον SQL Server. Τι καλύτερο να γιορτάσω την ανανέωση αυτή με ένα post.
Το τελευταίο καιρό ασχολούμαι συνεχώς με τον SQL Server 2012 και παρακολουθώ πολλά γύρω από αυτόν. Κατά μια διαολεμένη σύπτωση το BI του SQL Server είναι στην καθημερινότητα μου όλο και περισσότερο, όχι βέβαια ότι με χαλάει.
Βρέθηκα στην ανάγκη για λόγους “πειραματικούς” να στήσω σε σχεδόν παραγωγικό περιβάλλον τον SQL Server 2012 RC0 και έπρεπε να μεταφέρω αρκετά SSIS Packages που είχα φτιάξει στην προηγούμενη έκδοση.
Η εμπειρία είναι πραγματικά smooth and easy αρκεί να ακολουθήσεις τα πέντε παρακάτω tips που υπάρχουν στο άρθρο αυτό και είναι μέσα από την ομάδα του SSIS. Για το λόγο αυτό σας τα δίνω όπως έχουν με την επισήμανση ότι αυτά δίνονται από την ομάδα σαν AS IS.
The first step to upgrade an SSIS solution is to run the SSIS Package Upgrade Wizard. The SSIS Package Upgrade Wizard makes appropriate changes to package properties and upgrades the package format.
The wizard launches when you open a pre-SQL Server 2012 package in the SQL Server Data Tools for the first time. SQL Server Data Tools replaces (BIDs). The wizard can also be launched manually by running SSISUpgrade.exe, which is located under %ProgramFiles%\Microsoft SQL Server\110\DTS\Binn.
It is critical to note that the SSIS Package Upgrade Wizard does not upgrade settings such as connection strings that are defined in the package configurations. After a package upgrade, you may need to make some manual changes to the package configuration to run the upgraded package successfully.
For example, you have an SSIS 2005 package. The package uses an OLE DB connection manager to connect to the AdventureWorks database in a local SQL Server 2005 instance. The package also uses an XML package configuration file to dynamically configure the ConnectionString property of the OLE DB connection manager. The following shows the contents of the XML package configuration file.
You have set up a machine with a standalone SQL Server 2012 installation. You move the SSIS 2005 package to the machine and run the SSIS Package Upgrade Wizard to upgrade the package to SQL Server 2012. When the wizard finishes, you need to manually change the provider name from SQLNCLI.1 to SQLNCLI11.1 in the XML package configuration file to run the upgraded package successfully. The wizard does not update package configuration files.
If you don’t update the provider name in the configuration file, the file configures the OLE DB connection manager to use the SQLNCLI.1 provider that is the SQL Server 2005 Native Client Library. SQLNCLI11.1 is the SQL Server 2012 Native Client Library. Because the SQL Server 2005 Native Client Library is not included in SQL Server 2012, the following error message will appear when you open or execute the upgraded package on the machine where SQL Server 2012 is installed:
The requested OLE DB provider SQLNCLI.1 is not registered. If the 32-bit driver is not installed, run the package in 64-bit mode. Error code: 0x00000000. An OLE DB record is available. Source: "Microsoft OLE DB Service Components" Hresult: 0x80040154 Description: "Class not registered".
So, if your pre-SQL Server 2012 package uses any kind of package configurations, it is important to remember that you may need to manually update the content of the package configurations after you upgrade the package to SQL Server 2012. This applies to the different types of configurations, such as XML configuration files.
Connection strings that require updates and are stored in data source files or set by expressions, need to be updated manually.
SQL Server 2012 SSIS supports two deployment models: the package deployment model and the project deployment model. The package deployment model was available in previous releases of SSIS and is the default deployment model for upgraded packages. In this model, the unit of deployment is the package. The project deployment model is new in SQL Server 2012 and provides additional package deployment and management features such as parameters and the Integration Services catalog. The unit of deployment is the project.
Please read Project Deployment Overview in SQL Server "Denali" CTP1 - SSIS (http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/project-deployment-overview-in-sql-server-quot-denali-quot-ctp1-ssis.aspx ) for a detailed walk through as well as comparison between these two deployment models.
Read Projects in SQL Server “Denali” CTP1 - SSIS (http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/projects-in-sql-server-denali-ctp1-ssis.aspx) for a thorough explanation of the new project concept.
To convert a package to the project deployment, right click the project in Solution Explorer and then click Convert to Project Deployment Model. The Project Conversion Wizard launches and walks you through the conversion process.
If an SSIS package contains an Execute Package Task, the Project Conversion Wizard prompts you to update the task to use the project reference.
For example, your SSIS project contains several packages. Inside the project, one package (typically called the parent package) runs another package (typically called the child package) by using an Execute Package Task. In Pre-SQL Server 2012 releases of SSIS, the parent package references the child package by using a File connection manager. At deployment, you need to remember to update the File connection manager to ensure that it points to the new location of the child package.
In SQL Server 2012 Integration Services you can configure the parent package to reference the child package by name when the child package is included in the same project as the parent package. Using this project reference makes the deployment experience much smoother. You don’t need to remember to update the reference between the parent package and the child package at deployment. For a thorough explanation of the project reference in the Execute Package Task, please see Changes to the Execute Package Task (http://blogs.msdn.com/b/mattm/archive/2011/07/18/changes-to-the-execute-package-task.aspx).
In previous releases of SSIS, you pass data from the parent package to the child package by creating a package configuration that uses the parent variable configuration type. This enables a child package that is run from a parent package to access a variable in the parent.
It is recommended that you configure the Execute Package Task to use parameter binding to pass data from the parent package to the child package. Parameters make this task easier. For example, you want a parent package to dynamically determine the number of days in a current month and have the child package perform a task for that number of times. You can create a variable in the parent package that represents the number of days and create a parameter in the child package. Then in the Execute Package Task, you bind the parameter in the child package to the variable in the parent package.
Please read Parameters in SQL Server “Denali” CTP1 - SSIS (http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/parameters-in-sql-server-denali-ctp1-ssis.aspx) for a description of parameters and the numerous benefits they offer.
Suppose your SSIS 2008 package has an Execute Package Task, and the package uses a File connection manager to connect to a child package. You dynamically assign which child package the Execute Package Task runs by configuring the connection string property of the File connection manager.
The following is the content of the XML package configuration file used by your SSIS 2008 package.
When the Project Conversion Wizard converts the package to the project deployment model and updates the Execute Package Task to use the project reference, the File connection manager that was used to connect to the child package is no longer used by the Execute Package Task. To continue to dynamically determine which child package the task runs, you create a parameter and map that parameter to the PackageName property of the Execute Package Task as shown in the following image.
Parameters are new to SQL Server 2012 Integration Services and are the replacement for package configurations. You use parameters to assign values to package properties, whether at design time or run time. The values are pushed to a package when it is executed rather than having the package pull values from the package configurations.
The Project Conversion Wizard prompts you to optionally convert package configurations to parameters. It is possible that you might choose to keep a package configuration as an intermediate step of upgrading to SQL Server 2012. When your package has both configuration values and parameter values, it is important to understand the order in which these values are applied. Package configuration values will be applied first. If there are also parameter values for the same properties, these values will be applied next and will overwrite the package configuration values.